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Watch lovers feast with vintage watches

Mirror pocket watch “farewell to love”. Made in Switzerland. Core Numbers: 1829 and 1830, left watch case number: 5219, made by the famous watchmaker Freres Oltramare, right pocket watch number: 5220. Made for the Chinese market around 1830. This pair of pocket watches for 18K gold, pearl inlay

The world’s top watch auction preview 2009 (Beijing) tour, jointly organized by China’s top watch magazine fashion time and Swiss auction company andi gulen, was successfully held. The exhibition is Asia’s largest watch auction preview, attracting hundreds of watch lovers and industry participants. This is the first time to hold the highest specification, the largest scale clock auction exhibition.

On June 27, the auction of watches, pocket watches and clocks held by famous collectors included 478 items, including a series of exquisite clocks and watches made by famous watchmakers around the world. Nearly 200 items on display at the preview include watches, pocket watches and clocks of great collection and historical value, including the ancient enamel pocket watches made for the Chinese market, the old three-question pocket watches, antique watches and European antique clocks. Including patek philippe, breguet, rolex, Cartier, panahai, jiang shi-dan and other top watch brands. The exhibition is the first of its kind in Asia.

Guests can appreciate the items at close range

At the preview site, guests can appreciate the works at close range and try on the watch styles they are interested in. Meanwhile, Mr. Etienne Lemenager, an internationally renowned watch expert from antigurion auctions, commented on the scene.

As a key item in the Hong Kong auction, ten priceless watches are displayed separately in a special exhibition area. One of the highest value of a Franck Muller “size since the sound time ─ ─ Calendar (Grande and Petite Sonnerie, Minute Repeater, Perpetual Calendar)”, valued at 2500000 Hong Kong dollars. This is a very rare and extremely delicate platinum watch with diamond inlay and a calendar, time equation, moon phase and 24-hour display.

Horological Machine No. 1

“Horological Machine No.1”, No. 15, is one of the limited edition watches made by brand Maximilian Busser & Friends in 2006. This 18K rose gold wrist watch has a large and figure-eight case with a clearly visible one-minute tourniquet adjuster.

Auction valuation: HKD 400,000-550,000

“Swan pool” – with five automatic functions of 18K gold pocket watches, considered to be the masterpiece of Francois Achard, made in Geneva around 1795.

Auction valuation: HKD 270,000-330,000

Rolex Comex SeaDweller of DavidLeach, no. 1665, professional diver wrist watch made in 1980

Auction valuation: HKD 400,000-600,000

Constantan platinum, sapphire and diamond wrist watches, made in 1923. This very fine and rare sapphire and diamond platinum lady watch is equipped with a platinum band with sapphire and diamond safety clasps.

Auction valuation: HKD 55000-85000

A rolex costs $100 million! ? It turns out that antique watches are so popular now!

In 2017, antique watches, led by antique Lao, will continue to be popular. At the end of 2016, I can only say that “in terms of the popularity of the market, the antique shop has surpassed the antique PP”, which may not be accepted by many people at that time. By the second half of 2017, it should be clear that antique Lao yi is ahead of the pack. In a good situation, in October PNPN sold 17 million us dollars, breaking the previous record of PP patek philippe 1518 steel, which made the world fully appreciate the antique work.

The popularity of antique shop, in the past year still led by antique di. PN continued to surge, and as expected, non-pn “normal” models also rose. In just a few years, the market for all antiques has almost doubled, or more. After PNPN auction, this wave of market continued. Today, a 6263PN panda can easily cost more than an PP 2499 third/fourth generation, which was once unthinkable.

I think it’s quite possible, and it’s going to be hard to imagine in the near future, because it’s really unreasonable. I love antiques as much as I like to see them continue to grow, but I still want rationality. Even if a heavyweight and watch classic brand, production theory only a grade, function, movement and even potential fraud risk brings negative points, I don’t think that the pn 6263 common market could easily surpass 2499.

At a Christie’s auction in New York in December, 6263PN’s black-faced RCO sold for $1,092,500, almost double the $672,500 of the first generation gold at the last auction of $2499. It needs to be pointed out that the 2499 disk face is damaged, and the watch case is obviously polished, so the price is low, which I think is seriously low.

6263PN black-faced RCO and 2499 first-generation gold

I like PN, although PN is not my favorite time meter, but I like it very much. In many styles of ditonnah, PN is also a group that I really like, just because it’s too expensive, so I haven’t bought it. Now it looks increasingly unaffordable. If possible still want to buy, had better still more than one, because play PN had better be piled up — original PN design and color and yield are not small, should be this play method.

When it comes to production, antique di tong take, including the PN is not less (since 6239, the total output of dampened, di, tens of thousands of PN how also thousands of), but because to play more, demand is big, so has been in more than 20 years line can maintain a relatively high price (this is crazy, of course) for two years. However, after all, the output is not small (and not to mention the passive and questionable antique di, especially PN). So, in healthy and normal markets, it’s either partially down, or it’s all up together. Otherwise, the free market is in operation, such a unique talent is doomed to not last long. Feng shui always turns around. Look back a few years.

6239

As for some of the exorbitant prices that are supposed to satisfy flaunt wealth’s psychology and present representatives, no matter how exclusive the high-tech, I still don’t like it. Not a crash in the short term, but a decade and 20 years later? Let’s just say that today’s high-tech, what technology will it be? You don’t have to look at it vertically, but when you look at it horizontally, compared to some other industries, the high technology of the watch industry is probably a minor thing, not really high technology. If nothing else, look back at the microelectronics of ten or twenty years ago. These days, mechanical watches aren’t such a wonderful thing, unless they’re artificial. Of course, there are new ideas to play with ready-made new technologies and materials. Fun should be fun. Well, I’ve held this view for years at a time, at least, and ten years have passed, so the biggest possibility is that I’ve got it wrong.

One of the great benefits of an antique shop is that there are so many beautiful and durable watches (durability = durability and durability), some of them for play. In my opinion, this point of PP is not as good as — the classic durable watch style of antique PP is not much, actually — the form in everyone’s eyes is different, here is not a detailed watch. The main thing I want to talk about here is that when antiques go up, they don’t stop for a while, because there are so many good watches.

In general, the clock and watch collectors values are right, namely the value is higher than generally antique carved (20 years ago when I still didn’t understand table seems not so common values. When it comes to value theory, compare art, porcelain, sports cars and other collectibles. On the other hand, the collection of preferences or fashion will eventually change. Ten years ago, for example, Comex was in the ascendant. Now it’s much darker than the rest of the antique shop (and I’m still bullish). Today, it is generally low. But I believe it won’t last long. Now some of the best products should come back. So, I think it’s actually a good time to buy a cash representative (and some of the classic pieces of antique formal wear that were significantly cheaper at the time).

Now, of course, the present situation is not a comprehensive one, except that in the past two years, 5% of the total output has been publicly and privately changed. I’m still optimistic. There are always some of the most outstanding representatives of any age. The Simplicity is the Iconic form of our times. As long as so many PN (though not the most common PN variety) were $450, 000 at will, there was no reason in the Simplicity of keeping prices above $200, 000 or higher.

In comparison with the Simplicity of some of today’s ultra-hot (and I love it) antiques, the Simplicity is much better in at least two respects. First of all, you can’t fake it and assemble it. Second, the product and the core are absolutely beautiful. In terms of scarcity, that people no I have this item, so to speak, nearly 30 years, at any time on the market have the PN and huge (except for rare style), of course, but Simplicity is not want to buy can buy at any time (say any Simplicity style rare, in fact this is directly reflected in market prices), even in a small table at the moment the main withstand the lure of money and have cashed out, ha ha.

When it comes to the mixed authenticity of antique watches, this has always been a real problem. However, in recent years, the market of antique watches has been very good. Late last year I wrote this review, in the market of more hot today have bigger I think its real meaning, ha ha: “thanks to the network developed, now you can see many online should be very rare breed, see more, it seems that these tables are unassailable. Not really. Chances are, some of the watches you see and admire over and over again are problematic.

 

Sooner or later, collectors, especially the new generation of wealthy young collectors, will realise this. At that time, the original very dazzling rare money, became to always explain to others innocent doubt money, that kind of feeling is not very good. For example, in the case of the full red needle in the blue circle of 1675, I believe most of them are problematic or at least assembled. I do know that my own one was not made in the last two years or so, but mixed with so many red needles on the market, I no longer have the same dazzling feeling.

Conclusion: after a few years antique table, we have put the past hundred years many watch both deep and wide in their hearts turned round (as usual, here I only talk about watch, don’t talk about pocket watch and clock). We’ve really broadened our horizons and become more aware of what’s good in the world and what we like. In 2018, as you continue to expand or streamline your personal collection, play with greater ease. I wish to share this with you.

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The central plains think tank organized experts and scholars to conduct research in zhengzhou antique city

Original title: the central plains think tank organized experts and scholars to zhengzhou antique city research

On May 27, 2018, the central plains, manager, director of the think-tank Chen Sihua organizing experts and scholars come to zhengzhou curio city investigation research, on how to further promote the great development of cultural industry in henan province boom dialogue, and advice are put forward.

According to the plan, the first station of research of zhongyuan think tank is zhengzhou antique city. Chen sihua, director of the central plains think tank and director of the central plains institute of cultural and creative research. Liu xiangting, deputy director of the central plains think tank and former deputy inspector of the general office of the provincial party committee; Chen changxi, executive director of the pension culture research center of the central plains think tank and former director of the fire control training center of the ministry of public security. Li junjie, a researcher from the central plains think tank, vice President of the modern education research institute of Hong Kong and vice dean of the institute of system management, Hong Kong polytechnic university; Yang shijun, a researcher from the central plains think tank, former deputy secretary of the party group of the Tibet autonomous region federation of culture and the standing vice chairman of the party group; Wang bahai, a researcher from the central plains think tank and former President of the Tibetan academy of agricultural sciences, was nominated by the state. Ren xinjian, deputy director of the One Belt And One Road culture research center of the central plains think tank and deputy director of the henan branch office of People’s Daily. Zhang shengwu, an expert on ancient architecture and director of the center for the study of ancient culture of the central plains think tank. Li lianhua, a researcher at zhongyuan think tank and general manager of zhengzhou antique city group; Li ke, a researcher from the central plains think tank and deputy secretary-general of the central plains think tank, participated in the survey.

Twelve of the all-china federation of industry commissioner, complete linkage folk cultural relic artwork chamber of commerce, zhengzhou curio city group chairman jiming jiang you accompanied by experts and scholars visited the antique city of zhengzhou are held in gandhara art, and antique city group strategic planning. Then, in a small seminar, jiming jiang President to introduce you to the development of the cultural art market in henan province, and zhengzhou curio city year work, report to the enterprise for the future development ideas. Your scholars have fully affirmed the work of the chamber of commerce and the ancient game city, and made Suggestions on how to further promote the great development and prosperity of the cultural industry in henan province.

Learned, zhengzhou curio city was founded in 1997, is the first in henan province approved by the government departments of cultural relics market supervision items, zhongyuan, a think-tank, the cultural industry research base, cultural industry demonstration base in henan province, henan province hundred private enterprises, cultural industry demonstration projects in henan province, henan province tourist attractions, excellent cultural enterprises, zhengzhou city, in 2004 was rated as the second largest antique handicraft market. In 2013, the group was established with five subsidiaries, covering two major cultural and art markets: zhengzhou antique city and garden tea city. The total assets of the enterprise are 600 million yuan, with a construction area of 139,000 square meters and more than 10,000 employees. Zhengzhou antique city is not only a cultural tourism square, but also a folk museum. It is an outstanding representative and leading unit of cultural industry in central China and even the whole country.

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How much do you know about the story of collecting antiques?

In the world of collecting, there are many myths and stories about collecting leaks. Of every ten people has a digital display, at present there is a collector, together with all kinds of the hit show, antique market is showing “the collection” era of hot scenes. So is there really anything missing from the antiques market? How can ability practice a pair of “fire eye gold eyeball”, collect the collection that oneself admire in the heart of one’s heart?

The story of the leak was uncovered

Story one: a few years ago, when a street was widened and rebuilt, the foundation was dug up. Once, a migrant worker dug up a plum vase from a yaozhou kiln and sold it for 15 yuan to a “leak-finder” on the construction site. The vase was later sold to an antique dealer for more than 700,000 yuan. Similar to now a lot of stores put in the yao zhou porcelain at that time dig out not more than 100 pieces, mostly sold with the price of several hundred yuan, now each value in the tens of thousands yuan above.

Story 2: at a construction site, a migrant worker dug out a lot of jade and porcelain. A antiques trade routes through site, the migrant workers take out from under the bed of a Ming dynasty blue and white big pot, said to him, this thing I was useless, you give me to buy two boxes of cigarettes will give you, this man will return with two boxes of cigarettes in the jug. Later, ten thousand yuan was sold to an antique dealer. The antique dealer asked the experts to identify it.

Story 3: there are three teachers and students, and they make an appointment to visit the antique market in other places. In one shop, a pair of tang dynasty gilt gold, pearl shop bottom, flower shape is a pair of yuanyang, kanzi above the soil or wet. The three teachers and students said jokingly that it was still steaming. The owner asked for 1,200 yuan, which he later bargained for, and bought back 1,000 yuan, which experts said was worth 780,000 yuan for the kanzi market.

A good eye makes a good eye

Mr. Wang, a collection expert, began with a few stories about collecting leaks. Speaking of collecting leaks, he said that at present in the antiques market, including antique shops, auction houses, as long as the eye in place, there are still leakage to pick up. Antique shop now emerge in endlessly, but most of the antique shop open about their goods are sciolistic, do not fully understand the art of true and false, s and real value, have eyesight collector or leakage can be found. A lot of people can’t find the leak because they don’t have enough knowledge and reserves. Even if they put the real goods in front of their eyes, they will be useless if they don’t know the goods. Appraisal is more of a comprehensive discipline, a person only after more than ten years or even decades of practice, only qualified to talk about collecting leaks. Follow the book to pick up the leak, you will be sure to be cheated. Of course, you have to be knowledgeable to pick up the leak. I have seen a lot of genuine goods, and the charm of antiques is well known in my heart. That familiar feeling is not something that can be made by deception. For example, Mr. Li, a collector, once found a collection in an antique market shaped like a pen holder, about 20 centimeters high and 78 centimeters in diameter, with two eyes on it. At that time, the seller asked for 200 yuan.When he was about to buy it, his friend told him what to do with it. In fact, they do not know the goods, this is a han dynasty yellow glazed pottery water timing, is used to measure the time tool. This type of equipment is especially rare. He often goes to museums and antique markets to study it. So he decided to buy it. The collection is now estimated to be worth more than 10,000 yuan. Again, the best way to pick up the leak is to find a cold collection. “I think there is still a leak to be found in the collection now. First of all, we should aim at the cold-blooded collection that others don’t care much about.” Mr. Lei, the collector, confessed that he had gone to the antiques market a while ago and collected four stamps. These seals are not generally cared about, but people who know how to read them know that they are well carved and of good quality. Without this appreciation knowledge, he would have missed the seals. There is an old saying: 360 lines, antique is king. The field of antiques is very complicated and risky. Some people are easy to be caught by others because they know little about it. There is no short cut to collect, and knowledge is wealth. To pick up a leak is to pick up a leak from a man who has knowledge and vision.

It’s a trap to pick up the leak

There are few cheap leaks to pick up in the antique market nowadays. This is very simple, if someone tells you there is a leak to pick up, how come they don’t pick it up themselves, this is a trap in itself. For example, Mr. Li said that he had a friend who liked to collect, and he put a collection in an antique shop. Li si wants to buy this collection, look for a to appraise, a bite determines this collection is true, can be worth 5,000 yuan. After you come back so he bought, buy some people say that the collection is wrong, he bought so, li si run to the store to return, the shopkeeper said, is someone else with the shop sell, he can only find the owner of the collection. At this time, li si just knew, the collection is a, he bought when looking for the appraiser is also a. Of course, don’t listen to stories.Collector says, make up the story is the old trick vendors of cultural relics, the stories are often looks simple and honest honest, said the story makes a person enchanted unceasingly, impatient of collectors is just to the somebody else already set traps. Collect even to have peaceful state of mind. As long as oneself like, no matter be true false, what age, even if be contemporary handicraft, buy to play, edify a few sentiment also very good. Never hold the mentality of catching a big leak and getting rich overnight, such people will often be cheated. Mr. Lei said that he once found an eight-foot diagonal piece of the stone charter at the antiques market. The writer asked for 400 yuan, and he gave 600 yuan. Come back and mount it. It’s very atmospheric and beautiful. His collection also has a pair of stone lions, was accidentally picked up in the countryside, there used to be the boss want to use a Mercedes 500, and he, he politely refused, he is a collection research, appreciation and play, don’t care about how much things cost.

There are tips for identifying the authenticity of a collection

To identify a collection, make friends with it. Specific should accomplish the following points: 1, see more. Look at the real thing and take any chance to see the real thing. For example, there are two pieces of gold and jade on the road, 95 percent of people will definitely take away the gold, while 5 percent of people know the jade, and know that the value of jade is much higher than gold, and knowledge is wealth. Ask questions. Consult experts, experts, and enrich your professional knowledge to improve your eyesight. Run more. It is not advisable to sit at home and collect books. It is far from advisable to go to the market and the museum to see the real things so as to improve the level of identification. Mr. Li, the collector, said he often went to the museum to study, and when he came across the genuine article in the market, he could recognize it at a glance, giving him the opportunity to pick up the leak. Now, the identification of antiques,Use the negative method instead of the previous one. Mr. Li said his trick was a one-vote veto: several features of the collection were rejected if anything was wrong. That law is not enough insurance, if to identify a collection according to its characteristics of six aspects, experts have a look, in five aspects, has a characteristic is wrong, always think that should be no big problem, actually often cheated.

In the world of antiques, some babies don’t have to be willing to give you a hand to see it. The traditional 72 lines, the antique is big, because all people in the antique travel can reflect real equality. In the past, qianlong was not afraid of anything else, but he was afraid of antiques experts. It means that the real experts will not put anyone in the eye, no matter who you are, what you admire is only youdao’s eye power.Antique line there are many rules or habits, and all previous dynasties antique dealers and collectors are formed by summing up experience and lessons to this generally has the following circumstances: 1, the antique watch goods ask route since ancient times. No matter how you ask, the holder will never tell the truth. Unlike today’s auction house, collection should see spread orderly (high copy badly, eye degradation and industry complex) 2, find out the cargo has a problem, in the past is the mouth down down gently, you want to the stores to pronounce on child ugly Yin bases. The shop owner who knows the rules will pay the money (tuition). If you don’t know the rules, it doesn’t matter. 3. When the owner wants to sell the antiques, he must make an offer. The seller doesn’t offer a price, and the buyer never gives a price. This is to prevent the owner of goods selling antique is false, market valuation is true. In addition, the seller price is too high, buyers have the right not to bargain. If the buyer and the seller fail to make a deal due to the price difference, and the seller finds another buyer and negotiates with the first buyer, the first buyer will generally not buy.4, adept businessman and collectors of porcelain, jade, which are easily damaged, glass ware, such as jewelry, antique never led and circulated but to wait for the other items will be placed on a fixed object after viewing, taking damage liability since the Ming one thousand items. Different objects have different methods of handling. If you find that the other party’s methods of handling are improper, you will be regarded as a layman.

5. If the goods are damaged by the buyer, it will be covered by the buyer naturally, but the price will be negotiated, and the owner of the goods will make appropriate concessions, but the damaged goods will not be lower than the cost price, and the damaged goods will be owned by the buyer.6. The buyer and the seller should not have a third party present in the transaction. If they do not understand the rules, they will be advised to leave. Because the trade information is leaked easily lead to all kinds of disputes and misunderstanding. 7. Antique trading is not simply a contest in price, but more importantly a contest in knowledge and vision. No matter the buyer buys a holiday or the seller sells a leak, cannot return the goods or look for a later account. Because antique trading is based on vision and strength, the layman does not understand or dare to buy, dare to buy must understand. The buyer may buy the fake goods more expensive, and the seller may sell them less. Both buyers and sellers bear certain risks. However, those who are familiar with each other in the industry and use the mutual trust relationship to try to sell high price or goods that are not in the right way should return the loss and be expelled from the industry. 8. There is competition among antique dealers when buying antiques, but there is no competition when selling antiques. The reason is that each antique product has its own unique characteristics, and the purchase channels and prices are different, so it is much less comparable. 9. The buyer can only ask the selling price of antique, but not the buying price. The seller can only offer the selling price, and will never disclose the purchase price.10. Merchants and collectors in the industry will not ask each other for the purchase price of antiques, because these commercial information is kept secret.

11. Antique dealers sometimes cooperate to buy goods, but they must cooperate on the premise of mutual familiarity and trust. After the purchase, the sales price and profit distribution ratio shall be agreed, and one party shall be responsible for the sales. 12. The strength of antique dealers is that they can identify the true and false, and accurately evaluate the price. However, the knowledge and price information will not be disclosed easily, because these are important means for their survival. 13, when there is a commodity in the hands of buyers will see when negotiating with the seller, and other commodities have interested buyers can’t comment on, also can’t participate in bidding should keep a proper distance to wait. If the transaction is not completed, the goods can be put back to the original place before negotiation with the seller. Antique dealers and collectors do not trade with people who steal, buy, sell, bully or obey the rules of the trade. In the antique shop, it is common for anyone to beat his eyes when his eyesight fails. A true eye – beholder and shop owner is not likely to mention it unless they are close friends. As a shop owner, it is not easy to “kill” people in the industry, because this means undoubtedly suicide.

16. As a real antique shop owner, it is not easy to accept apprentices and teach them to identify antiques. 17, in the circle, get top grade, speak is predestination and rich road, the person that wants to “pick up a leak” only, often can carry “big somersault”, do not have the opportunity that turn over a body even afterwards. 18. In the collection circle, hidden but not true, even ghosts. Hidden but not refined, rotten. Hide not, and be foolish.

A true Tibetan, rising to the highest level is: life, work, study, to reflect the ultimate value of antiques.

We believe that the high-quality goods exhibition is an important foundation to promote the development of art collection, not only can attract more and more representative of the buyer, seller, can let the public know more treasure, understand the legacy of Chinese civilization, improve the public cultural connotation of antique works of art and the collection value of art itself, we are eagerly looking forward to your participation!

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You have to know about rolex!

Speaking of rolex, many people like it. Rolex is the symbol of rich silver.

For example, the movie infernal affairs is full of various rolex scenes (it seems that the police and gangsters in HK are all very smart Orz)

The following paragraph, which I would like to say in my opinion, also illustrates rolex’s position:

A taichung lawyer came to court in his new S320 Mercedes and was happy to show off to his peers. But when he got out of the car and drove the door, he didn’t notice a truck passing by. He knocked down his door and sped away without turning his head back. The lawyer picked up the phone angrily and called the police.

When the officer arrived, the lawyer shouted to the officer, “I just bought a new car yesterday, and it’s all ruined by the damn truck!”

The officer looked at the lawyer in surprise and said, “don’t you think your lawyer pays so much attention to material interests and you don’t care about the rest?”

“What do you mean by that? “Asked the lawyer.

The officer said, “didn’t you notice that there was nothing under your arm and elbow? Your arm was broken!”

The lawyer looked down and uttered a mournful cry

“Over, my rolex is gone!

Rolex is strong and waterproof, depending on the classic oyster design. So-called “Oyster type”, refers to the integration of forming watchcase, rolex inventions precession type bottom cover and precession type head design, namely the Oyster, English is the meaning of “oysters, Oyster”, this kind of structure is different from the welding table ear, press it into the bottom cover and insert the head, is also a symbol of the rolex Oyster hand representation as strong and waterproof.

In addition, from the perspective of the value of market circulation, because rolex watch has a lot of material is precious metals, is often said that gold watch, so its current value is very big, this watch is equal to the cash equivalents, can be liquidated, trading directly.

Here is a story about the origin of rolex.

In 1905, in a small town in Bavaria, Germany, there was a watchmaker named field, who was coaxed by a cow. Why does he hang himself like that? Because the watch he made was waterproof and automatic, and at the time, the technology was literally out of the sky.This message is in the same city a man named Hans Wells madoff’s watchmaker knew, that bit of small businessmen thought we all know, the goods in a hurry to find a field, and saw his pure handmade watches.

“I 屮 艸 芔 茻! Do you want so hung!” Wilsdorf was shocked by field’s watch.

“Mr. Field, I’d like to hire you to be the technical director of my company. How about that?” Seeing field remain silent for a long time, wilsdorf added that he would be willing to buy his watch technology if field offered a price. Anyway, Lao zi had as much money as wang sicong, and he was not afraid.

Refused to field a way: “get rough, I’m not a little interest in the present, but to give up their pursuit of my ideal is to develop a watch to best in the world, you will not understand me, is this Tony cut!”

Wells, want to pull a field to the partnership, because too close to their concept, and, once the anfield before their developed the watch, their company will be an unprecedented threat.

How to do? The only way out for the company is to get that watch ahead of field. However, field was clearly superior in technology, and it was hard to beat him in developing the watch.

When things were going badly wrong, wilsdorf got the news that field was in the straw hat business as well as making watches.

“Help, help! Wilsdorf immediately sent his assistant to field to order straw hats.

“You asked for his watch making skills, but now you have ordered his straw hat.

“Clams!!!! If the profit from selling straw hats exceeds the value of a watch, does field bother to develop it? Don’t be silly!”

Sure enough, field was overjoyed when he received the straw hat order. “amah! I’m going to make a lot of money!” He decided to put the development of the watch aside for a while and go ahead with the straw hat. As a result, Mr. Willersdorf bought time for his watch and its early launch. He named the watch rolex for its waterproof and automatic functions.

When a rolex watch quickly occupy the market and become the world’s brand, Wells, pointing to the backyard that a straw yard told anfield: “you look at what are you doing this silly x then went to the ha ha ha ha ha!!!!!” Poor field’s guts are blue

 

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Every rolex has a corresponding “birth certificate,” and if there’s no proof, it’s a fake watch. But the “birth certificates” of some fake watches are also so lifelike that they are hard to see. But as long as master the following points, the real rolex watch is easy to recognize.

1. The rolex Logo and crown pattern that can see the watermark are real watches.

2. The top two rows of figures on the right, the perforated row and the front row represent the sales area. “838”, for example, is a specific number sold to mainland China. The latter part is the factory number of the watch. Each watch has its own unique number. The next row of black Numbers shows the model of the watch, which can be found with the manufacturer’s number and model number printed on each watch’s birth certificate.

Rolex watch is an expensive watch produced in Switzerland. It is designed, made and always maintains a traditional style. Its performance includes fully automatic, single calendar, double calendar, waterproof, dustproof, etc., the work keeps improving, especially dial, watch handle and watch band, carved crown is its high quality mark. Because the famous brand watches use advanced equipment and high quality materials in manufacturing, achieving fine processing and high finish. True rolex watch, no matter work, text is very fine, have perfect hand feeling, this is an important aspect that identifies true and false.

From the outside, the rolex watch case is fine, the band, the crown, the English word is clear, the integrity, but the imitation watch case is rough, the text is slightly vague. In particular, the surface bottom, cover teeth, very fine and clear, clean bright and three-dimensional sense, and imitation goods rough and no three-dimensional sense, generally relatively shallow. In terms of weight, the real hand feels more solid and the fake one is much lighter. Just 18 K gold rolex watch case, strap, the real general from new to old gold quality, color, counterfeits have 14 K gold or a lower K gold or 18 K gold plated, but over time, will be back to primary colors. The rolex of full sky star, the diamond that inserts on the watch is true, and the diamond of imitative article is false.

On the market also has appeared true watch case, watch band, inside the holiday movement rolex watch, so it is best to use the special tool to open the watch. Real ROLEX core, a pry to remove the automatic rudder, the machine core splint engraved with ROLEX, also engraved with the core number :1570, 213

5, 3135, 3035 Wait, the fake ones don’t. The real core machine parts are fine, the lines are clear, the fake core is rough and dark.

In addition, the watch strap is removed. The model batch number of the watch factory is in the middle of the side ear of the watch case, and there is a watch number in the middle of the lower side ear. Rolex watches have a guarantee of quality, the top right corner there are more than two lines of the Arab word number pinhole deficit, neat and clear, and false only a row of pinhole deficit, is not unified, not too neat, but not to tell, because the market is also false bond

Rolex watch is an expensive watch produced in Switzerland. It is designed, made and always maintains a traditional style. Its performance includes fully automatic, single calendar, double calendar, waterproof, dustproof, etc., the work keeps improving, especially dial, watch handle and watch band, carved crown is its high quality mark. Because the famous brand watches use advanced equipment and high quality materials in manufacturing, achieving fine processing and high finish. True rolex watch, no matter work, text is very fine, have perfect hand feeling, this is an important aspect that identifies true and false.

From the outside, the rolex watch case is fine, the band, the crown, the English word is clear, the integrity, but the imitation watch case is rough, the text is slightly vague. In particular, the surface bottom, cover teeth, very fine and clear, clean bright and three-dimensional sense, and imitation goods rough and no three-dimensional sense, generally relatively shallow. In terms of weight, the real hand feels more solid and the fake one is much lighter. Just 18 K gold rolex watch case, strap, the real general from new to old gold quality, color, counterfeits have 14 K gold or a lower K gold or 18 K gold plated, but over time, will be back to primary colors. The rolex of full sky star, the diamond that inserts on the watch is true, and the diamond of imitative article is false.

On the market also has appeared true watch case, watch band, inside the holiday movement rolex watch, so it is best to use the special tool to open the watch. Real ROLEX machine core, a pry to remove the automatic rudder, the machine core splint engraved with ROLEX, also engraved with the core number :1570, 2135, 3135, 3035 Wait, the fake ones don’t. The real core machine parts are fine, the lines are clear, the fake core is rough and dark.

In addition, the watch strap is removed. The model batch number of the watch factory is in the middle of the side ear of the watch case, and there is a watch number in the middle of the lower side ear. Rolex watches have a guarantee of quality, the top right corner there are more than two lines of the Arab word number pinhole deficit, neat and clear, and false only a row of pinhole deficit, is not unified, not too neat, but not to tell, because the market is also false bond.

The only reliable way to verify Rolex’s authenticity is to send your watch to Rolex’s service center for identification and official identification. Alternatively, you can send the watch to an authorized Rolex dealer for a thorough inspection. If they open the cover to check the core, experienced watchmakers can often tell at a glance whether the Rolex core is genuine (no other core has the same structural path). On the surface alone, some delicate fake watches can sometimes fool people, but most of the fake watches bought from the stalls can’t fool people. If you want to buy Rolex and don’t want to run the risk of buying a fake watch, it’s best to buy a new watch from an authorized dealer.

The laser holographic logo, a circular anti-counterfeiting logo posted on the back of the watch, is used to show that the Rolex is a brand new Rolex. It was crisscrossed with the word Rolex, and there were small dots between the two words. It is a laser hologram, so it can display a three-dimensional image under the light of a point source. The shape of the watch is printed on the center of the circle and is covered with transparent plastic sheets with red lines. The red line is easy to wear when wearing a watch. It is used to protect the laser holographic mark. It can be estimated that the watch has been worn several times. Before Rolex used a laser holographic logo, it used a model of green round paper.

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Just entering the antiques circle, I paid 28,000 yuan

Shenyang native Chen mou knows a “antique appraisal master” inside antique WeChat group, this master claims to study antique for more than 30 years, experience is rich. When Chen entered the circle, he was in the learning stage. When he met some questions about antiques, he asked master shi for advice. Master shi must answer every question, both professional and master style.

In march, a middle-aged woman came to Chen’s store and pulled out two old COINS and asked him if he was interested. One of the two COINS was in the shape of a key that Chen had never seen before. The woman whispered that the two COINS were not ordinary COINS. They were very rare and valuable.

After the introduction of the woman, Chen immediately thought of consulting master shi, but hindering the presence of the middle-aged woman, he asked her to come back in the afternoon on the pretext of consideration.

After the woman left, Chen immediately sent pictures of the COINS to the stone master with WeChat. After seeing photos, masters of stone is very excited: “first is the han dynasty follwed the COINS of The Times, the second is the coin of bei song period, if really can buy it from the other hand, it was picked up a big cheap, the value of the coin close to ten thousand yuan.” Got the instruction of stone master, when the middle-aged woman came to the door again in the afternoon, Chen spent 28000 yuan to buy two COINS.

Back at home, Chen loved the old COINS he bought, but the more he looked at them, the more wrong they became. On April 17, he felt cheated and called the police. The two ancient COINS were certified to be counterfeit. Through careful investigation, the police arrested the middle-aged woman wang mou. According to wang’s confession, the “master” Chen met on the Internet was his cousin shi, and the two partners cheated Chen. On the same day, the police arrested the suspect shi mou (male, 53 years old) according to the clues they had.

Shi said he bought the two COINS at a price of 150 yuan. Was used to collect, but listen to his cousin with money, in a hurry, then thought of to sell COINS, XXL just have an interest in antiques, and are in the habit of collecting stone gave his cousin door-to-door sale, he wait outside. The money he sold, shi left 20,000 yuan and gave his cousin 8,000 yuan. “I don’t know how much it’s worth. I feel like it’s worth it. As for why he did not come to the door himself, shi said that he knew Chen very well and was afraid of Chen’s bargaining.

At present, wang mou, shi mou has been detained by the police on suspicion of committing fraud, the case is being dealt with further. According to shenyang evening news

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Pleated grain color

Such as deformation of the yuan is commonly used on the porcelain lotus petals (commonly known as “eight yards”), is in jin has evolved on the basis of porcelain grain, especially under the blue-and-white yuan dynasty, youligong glaze color, opened up a new era of porcelain decoration, broke the monotony in the past a glaze. Ming and qing later various invention more colorful porcelain decoration, and the occurrence of each kind of adornment method has its emergence, growth, development process, and thus to infer that implements s far and near. Such as early blue-and-white, youligong because haven’t fully grasp the features of raw material, less so in the yuan dynasty products color beautiful, and has a tendency to tonal youligong into purple brown or gray colored even diaspora shortcomings. But most mature blue-and-white yuan dynasty, youligong decorative layout is very beautiful, design not only attaches importance to primary and secondary coordination, and idiomatic multi-level continuous lace decoration, no matter how outside rocks, flowers have a ring blank line not fill color, formed a unique style, to the middle of Ming dynasty after this kind of painting gradually, although sometimes used, but a few.Moreover due to the limitation of raw material composition, characteristics of The Times on the drawing also vary, such as at the end of the yuan Ming some imported green material of porcelain, although with color more hard-wired Hector, but tonal unstable, is not suitable for painting people, less so in the yuan dynasty painting characters in the grain, also have the so-called “of yuan dynasty people less, yongle unmanned, announce female more men less”. As for chenghua bucket color, although the color is bright, glittering and translucent and lovely, but also restricted by material and technology and have the so-called “no shadow, leaves no turning” faults, and painting people men and women, old and young, the four seasons are a light clothing, is not rendered YiWen with different color of the list. Similar to these are the characteristics of the age on decoration, which are often ignored by later generations of imitations. If you can pay attention to them, nature will help to identify the authenticity.

And, in terms of its use of color can find some differences between age, such as according to the master data to see, now no black colour in the chenghua coloured drawing or pattern, then in addition to the blue line is drawn with cobalt under the glaze, also with red, ochre portray contour line. If we come across a piece of metallized porcelain with black contours on the glaze, we should doubt whether it is true or not, because the application of black contours is not beyond the early days of zhengde. Other such as the appearance of powder color, now known will not be earlier than the late kangxi, of course it is hard to believe that the powder color of imitation Ming porcelain is not a fake.

As to qianlong period due to the extensive use of the color, and learned the western decorative pattern adornment method, but beg some works fine brushwork lines and decorative singularity, which have a part of the national style of lost. This kind of porcelain is made after the middle of qianlong period. Others, such as the official kiln porcelain during the zhengde period of the Ming dynasty, are often decorated with Arabic script. In qing dynasty, western decorative patterns were also painted in the export porcelain, both of which were a kind of unique decoration with distinctive characteristics of The Times.In using words as the characteristics of porcelain decoration, the products of the Ming and qing dynasties are still different. For example, in the Ming dynasty, porcelain was written in Sanskrit, sutras, baifu and baishou characters, while those who used large poems, words, songs, fu and tables and songs as decorative characters were created in the kangxi period. For example, “chibi fu”, “tengwang ge su”, “before and after the teacher’s watch”, “the Lord of the sage minister’s ode” and so on, this kind of only words but no pictures have been rarely copied. It is also of great reference value to the specific work of judging The Times and distinguishing true from false.

According to the style of ornamentation can also see the characteristics of The Times. Such as kangxi porcelain due to the method of painted porcelain attaches great importance to, and officer, people kiln porcelain achievements are very significant in this aspect, and designs on porcelain decoration is imitation brushwork painter. To draw a tree method is concerned, kang xi xi with stems and Cun, appear old pen powder, bold and unrestrained powerful, and yongzheng color painted branches only depict Cun point, craftsmanship is fine, but saturated delicate, uninteresting. If we can see the writing clearly from the point of its rise and fall, it will help us to identify the work. As for the Ming and qing official kilns decorative patterns are more neat and weak, civilian kilns decorative patterns are vivid and uninhibited, these are all familiar characteristics. However, there are also so-called “imperial and partial limits” in official kilns. There are also works similar to those in official kilns.

According to the style of ornamentation can also see the characteristics of The Times. Such as kangxi porcelain due to the method of painted porcelain attaches great importance to, and officer, people kiln porcelain achievements are very significant in this aspect, and designs on porcelain decoration is imitation brushwork painter. To draw a tree method is concerned, kang xi xi with stems and Cun, appear old pen powder, bold and unrestrained powerful, and yongzheng color painted branches only depict Cun point, craftsmanship is fine, but saturated delicate, uninteresting. If we can see the writing clearly from the point of its rise and fall, it will help us to identify the work. As for the Ming and qing official kilns decorative patterns are more neat and weak, civilian kilns decorative patterns are vivid and uninhibited, these are all familiar characteristics. However, there are also so-called “imperial and partial limits” in official kilns. There are also works similar to those in official kilns.

When it comes to official and folk kiln porcelain, it is easy to think of the so-called “five claws of official kiln dragon, three or four claws of folk kiln dragon”. This kind of typical decoration of feudal society, admittedly, also gives us a clue to judge the authenticity and distinguish the kiln mouth, but it is not absolute. On the contrary, there are the decoration of the five clawed dragons in the porcelain of the people’s kilns, and the works of the three clawed and four clawed dragons painted in the official kilns are not absent. Such as “official kilns jintong blue sea dragon tree” and a large number of “blue and white YuLongBianHua kangxi imperial fold along the wash” are three claw dragon, “kangxi imperial green plain tricolour YunLongWen pencil case” draw four claw dragon. In yuan dynasty, there were three, four and five claws.there were also many examples in Ming and qing kilns.

The ornamentation on the official kiln porcelain was often inseparable from the tastes and wishes of the supreme ruler at that time. For example, emperor jiajing of the Ming dynasty was superstitious about Taoism. Emperor daoguang of the qing dynasty was fond of birds, dogs and grass worms, so this kind of picture also appeared more. And as a reward in the qing dynasty porcelain, such as harmony, dry, jia, tao, salty five princes of China toward the emperor, as usual, is the main water green Hualien ornamentation, and decorative painting bottle in seawater for (this kind of decorative pattern design color photos. Nine layer). The meaning of using this kind of decoration is said to indicate that officials attach great importance to the white of qing dynasty (the same tone of qing dynasty and qing dynasty). Other, like a barrel (system) in ten thousand (evergreen), two crab (a) and reed (crack), three sheep (Yang) kaitai, 46, acquisition of figure, the six FengXiang, seven Jane, sweet, nine lotus, buford, the longevity, such as red bats (most) monkey, similar to those of feudal superstition color decorative pattern, in the Ming and qing porcelain appeared a lot of, such as to further contact background of that time, will be great help for us to grasp its law of development.

In addition, some of the commonly used porcelain patterns in contemporary silver, lacquer, copper and even embroidery have been strongly circumstantial evidence of the case

Fresh. If we can make a comparison and verify each other, we can often find out the characteristics of The Times and find out the common rules. In particular, we need to know the characteristics of The Times that are prominent in the decorative patterns of porcelain in the past dynasties. Such as deformation of yuan porcelain lotus petals and rock flowers don’t fill color painting, yong jiang bud, xuan porcelain morning glory and seawater, zhengde porcelain palindrome row dragon wearing flowers, jia, Taoist painting and porcelain flowers with word, kangxi porcelain double ji peony and the shadow of the plum flower, yongzheng porcelain flowers and ball/and qianlong porcelain flower heap and the icing on the cake, such as grain, play an important role in the never suspected jigan.

Anyhow, observation of porcelain decorative design should not only consider it from simple to complex, from color to the colorful development process, also should pay attention to the subjects, brushwork structure and style of the time and materials, and other more reference circumstantial evidence, can get a preliminary understanding, of course also cannot hold this end is light to conclusions, because the later use of the so-called color, old tire compound kiln carved add color, shadow replicas made of a variety of methods, such as is often enough to spurious. It must then be combined with other aspects of the characteristics of a comprehensive classification

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Folded appearance

It is mainly used for the identification of porcelain. In qing dynasty, there was a significant increase in the shape and type of the equipment, and the production was exquisite. Among them, kangxi period innovation works unique. Cut apparatus such as pipa statue, horseshoe honour, like the legs of honour, PND tail-on statue, guanyin Buddha, the white Buddha, apple, apricot leaf statue, civic bottles, orange cloth cloth, down load, willow leaf and flower vase with protruding abdomen is a rare shape of former generation. Yongzheng period in terms of the shape creation is also rich and colorful, such as double honour, three sheep statue, lu Qiu ear statue of a cow, deer head statue, LaoZi Buddha, Buddha, garlic mouth ribbon ruyi honour, skimming olive bottle mouth, taibai altar, chrysanthemum disc plate, etc. In particular, the imitation of the song dynasty famous kilns and permanent and cheng porcelain not only the glaze, decorative patterns, but also enough on the modeling. In qianlong period, the most prominent shapes were neck bottle, core bottle, ribbon bottle, flower basket, fan, book type printing box, book type gold bell cover, etc. No matter this period innovation, archaize all reached a climax, copy copper, stone, lacquer, jade, bamboo, wooden ware and elephant living goods are very similar. After jiaqing and daoguang, most of them inherited the old system, very few innovative works. Modeling from exquisite to thick and stupid, has gradually lost the early excellent tradition. For example okho spring bottle shape, there is no significant difference in the kangxi, yongzheng and qianlong dynasties, after gradually become clumsy, thus to managment, and xuantong period was short neck abundant body short thick form, so exquisitely beautiful modelling is far less than they once were.

After knowing the basic characteristics of yuan, Ming and qing porcelains, we need to master the methods of observation. Attention should be paid to the mouth, abdomen and bottom three parts first. Many of the same vessels look very similar at first sight, and a close look at these three parts leads to different conclusions. For example, in the middle of the Ming dynasty, the shape of a bottle, pot, can and other cutting tools were mostly marked on the abdomen, while in the later qing dynasty, the products were not obvious because of the meticulous rotary cutting. Such so-called line difference often plays a very important role in the work of generation – break discrimination. For example, in the yuan dynasty, the curve of the market was small and shallow, while in the Ming dynasty, the curve of the market was slightly larger and deeper. In particular, yongle modeling, no matter large and small dishes, bowls are mostly concave under the core of the device, the bottom of the device is convex, and the foot wall slightly to the outside, compared to the outer wall about half to quarter. For example, in the late Ming dynasty and early qing dynasty, many people’s kilns and bowls had obvious rotary cutting marks (so-called “jumping knives “) on the bottom, while in the official kilns, it was extremely rare. As for kangxi market, some are double circle bottom, there are more “linen lines” under the three-color flat ware in the people’s kiln, which is a common feature in the modeling at that time. Cultural relics workers in the identification of new and old authenticity each with these as part of the basis

Some ages are close to or imitated by the previous generation of high-quality goods, because the decorative art and the raw materials of glaze before and after similar, often not easy to distinguish. For example, yong and xuan qinghua skimmer bowls are mostly decorated with three layers of decorative patterns in the bowl, and the outside of the bowl is painted with four layers of decorative patterns. Moreover, at first sight, the glaze of the fetus is similar to that of the fetus. However, if compared carefully, it can be found that the important difference between them lies in the degree of convergence in the lower part of the bowl abdomen, that is, the belly of yongle bowl is relatively plump, and the abdomen of xuande bowl is slightly cut. In the yongzheng period, the imitation of the adult blue flower bowl, is also in the shape of the bowl abdomen micro-chipping shortcomings. These subtle differences, is based on physical imitation, due to technical conditions, such as forming, kiln or flaw caused by accidental ignore (replicas of the shape with the real shape of more or less, because of the generic is made according to real prototype, in the base and really do not burned, but after high temperature firing, its form and true prototype in some places there is a difference. This may be due to the inconsistency between the preparation of raw materials and the refined precision, and the result of vertical and horizontal contraction and expansion after high temperature is the key to identify the shape of the device. As for some rumours alone or only by speculation and replicas made of, such as the later imitated by all kinds of so-called “yongle pressure hand cup” and so on, especially on modelling, backward (since between jia, the imitation, the greater the even later into a big bowl of no cup), as long as met a really kind, nature is not predisposed guesswork.

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Fold the shell paste

When a connoisseur examines various types of antiques, he often says whether they have plastic-covered shells. If so, it is preliminarily confirmed as old, and if not, it is considered imitation

The false. It is an important method and means to identify the authenticity of antiques to check the leather shell and mortar of antiques. It is not clear to many people on this issue that the actual epithelium cladding is to describe the oxidation and aging of the antique surface. All kinds of antiques have an evolutionary process from the new to the old. For example, after the firing of porcelain, the glaze surface of porcelain will produce a strong glaze light sensation, which is commonly called thief light. From its light – sensing effect, it can be preliminarily considered as a new product. But after a hundred years of experience, China is exposed to the radiation of oxidation in the air, as well as artificial scrubbing; Play and move; The smoke in the room; Long-term settlement of other pollution, etc. Under the influence of various environmental factors, the glaze light of porcelain will gradually become old and dim. These characteristics are called cladding.

Such as:

Unearthed jade is mainly refers to, without cleaning after treatment, the surface of the jade bonding with soil and iron oxide rust stain, settlement of these substances is after, underground long-standing humidity and different contact material, make jade surface under the influence of different degree. It will be subjected to different degrees of erosion and oxidation, resulting in loss of brightness or adhesion of a layer of slurry on the surface. These phenomena are usually skin shells. When jade ware is excavated, after a hundred years of manual disc grinding play, will make the jade surface form a kind of oil texture and a sense of penetration, this phenomenon is also called cladding.

The copper is mainly oxidized by copper to produce copper rust, which is formed by the long-term corrosion of underground temperature and humidity and various gases. Therefore, the particle size and density of rust spots are extremely fine and cohesive. We know bronze after forming performance, it should be golden, but in the underground, long-term erosion by the environment, or under the conventional air oxidation, can make bronze from yellow to dark yellow, dark yellow, yellowish-brown until into black, green. The change of several colors indicates that a layer of oxidized skin is formed on the surface of the product through long-term evolution. This phenomenon is called the copper shell.

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